These Are Some Of The Causes of Miscarriage

Things to be mindful of ...


Experiencing a miscarriage is perhaps one of the most devastating things a couple can go through, but it is important to understand that as many as 50% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. Many of these occur before the mother even realizes that she is expecting a child whereas close to 20% of recognized pregnancies will end in a miscarriage.

Things to know about miscarriages:

  • 80% of miscarriages occur in the first trimester
  • After one miscarriage, most women will go on to have healthy, normal pregnancies
  • Higher risk of miscarriage is associated with women who have diabetes, thyroid issues or are over the age of 35

Why do miscarriages occur?

The most common reason for miscarriage is when a fetus has chromosomal/genetic abnormalities. While there are some chromosomal abnormalities that do not result in miscarriage, such as trisomy 21 (Down’s Syndrome), there are others that are not compatible with life as the development of the fetus simply stops.

Another reason may be due to cervical insufficiency. These miscarriages occur later in the pregnancy, often in the second trimester. The cervix might not be strong enough to hold the pregnancy and therefore can lead to the ‘water’ breaking, However, if this is diagnosed, then the cervix can be treated with a circling stitch in the next pregnancy which is pulled out during delivery.

Thyroid problems, whether it is hypo or hyper, can play a role in miscarriage. Hypo-thyroid can potentially suppress ovulation hormones and a hyperthyroid may produce hormones that interfere with the estrogen.

Diabetes can possibly lead to an increased risk of miscarriage as well as potential birth defects. They key here is to establish a health care plan well ahead of conception with the relevant doctor.

Recurrent Miscarriages refer to three or more miscarriages. This is usually a tell-tale sign of an immunological disorder. The best course of action here is to stop trying to conceive after the second miscarriage and refer to a medical professional about how to proceed. A doctor might run some tests and offer some advice to ensure a higher chance of a successful pregnancy.

As common as PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is, there is not a lot of awareness about it. The hormonal imbalance that comes with PCOS may result in miscarriage or even difficulty conceiving.

Certain Lifestyle Choices can also contribute to miscarriage. For example: smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and recreational drug usage. It is no secret that a healthy lifestyle and a prepared body is an ideal situation for successful pregnancies. This means regularly taking prenatal vitamins before conception, maintaining a healthy weight (obese women are at a higher risk of miscarrying) and incorporating exercise into the daily routine.

Some infections may also be responsible for unsuccessful pregnancies. Your doctor will be best equipped to carry out the necessary investigation.

The important thing to understand about miscarriage is that it is not necessary for subsequent pregnancies to be unsuccessful. Once the underlying problem comes to light, there are many treatment options and medications that can direct you towards healthy pregnancies in the future.

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