The same way adults undergo phases of aggression, toddlers too demonstrate aggression in their own ways. Their aggression can take many forms such as tantrums, kicking, biting, hitting, and also screaming in anger. In most cases, children act out because of the frustration of being unable to express themselves and control their impulses.
There could be a number of reasons why toddlers begin displaying aggressive behavior and several groups this behaviour can be categorized into:
- Bipolar Disorder: One of the main reasons why toddlers become aggressive is due to mood disorders. A mood disorder is also known as bipolar disorder. Children who are bipolar find it difficult to practice self-control. Bipolar children tend to face severe mood swings especially when they feel frenzied. This is when they tend to act most aggressive and irritable and lash out at others.
- Autism: Children who are autistic also suffer from aggression because they are constantly frustrated and anxious. The frustration of not being able to express their feelings verbally, the ways others can, causes them to become more angry and results in aggressive behavior.
- Schizophrenia: Children who suffer from schizophrenia at a young age naturally become aggressive because of their illness. The illness itself causes them to see or believe disturbing internal stimuli which then results in them becoming paranoid and fearful.
- Trauma: Certain traumatic experiences in a child’s life can majorly affect their personality, their thinking, and their way of life. This also begins to trigger their anxiety and aggression.
For children who don’t suffer from any mental or emotional disorders, aggression can also be influenced by environmental factors; this could refer to anyone and anything that they come in contact with.
Some of the most common ways to deal with aggression among young children are:
- Staying calm keeps them calm
- Understand what your child wants to do
- Use certain words and gestures to communicate with them
- Give them alternatives to help them reach their goals
- Throw distractions at them when they are throwing a tantrum
- Give them ways to cope with their emotions
- Tell them to take a break alone and get some peace and quiet
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